Its leaves yield a fragrant oleoresin known as labdanum, used in perfumes, especially as a fixative.
Labdanum is a sticky brown resin obtained from the shrubs Cistus ladanifer (western Mediterranean) and Cistus creticus (eastern Mediterranean), species of rockrose. It has a long history of use in herbal medicine and as a perfume ingredient.
Botanical name: Cistus ladanifer, C. creticus, C. incanus
Family: Cistaceae, rock rose family
Origin: Mediterrenean area. Dry, sunny. Partly grown for its content of labdanum, partly for the pretty flowers.
Part(s) used: gum
Special constituents: The alcohol ambrettolide (ambrain, ambrein), which is also found in true ambergris from sperm whales. Mixed terpenes, the oxide eucalyptol and the alcohol geraniol